Department of Mechanical Engineering


Paul D. Funkenbusch

Professor of Mechanical Engineering
Professor of Materials Science

PhD, Michigan Technological University, 1984

222 Hopeman Hall
(585) 275-4074
Fax: (585) 256-2509

Research Interests

Relationships among the microstructure, properties and processing of materials; Experimental design/robust design

Research Overview

My primary research interest is in the relationships among the microstructure, properties, and processing of materials. Quantification of microstructure (through techniques such as electron, atomic force, and optical microscopy) is the essential link in understanding how materials behave. Study of microstructure-property relationships tells us how materials "work" and how they can be improved. Processing studies allow this information to be put to practical use in fabricating materials with improved microstructures and, therefore, properties. Areas of research interest include quantification of the surface microstructure of engineering materials, thermal and mechanical behavior in dental applications, experimental and robust design, precision grinding of optical materials; composite material fabrication by powder, deformation, and rapid thermal processing. In teaching I am active in both materials science and mechanical engineering at the undergraduate and graduate levels. Areas of special emphasis include material processing, experimental design/robust design, and experimental methods.

Representative Publications in Different Areas
Materials Science and Engineering     DOE (Design of Experiments) methods

Figure 1

“Machining processes for sapphire wafers: a literature 
review”, Zhichao Li, Z.J. Pei, and Paul D. Funkenbusch, 
Journal of Engineering Manufacture, accepted for 
publication (2010)

“Erosion and surface structure development of metal-
diamond particulate composites”, Brian E. MacMillin, 
Christopher D. Roll, and Paul Funkenbusch, Wear, 269 
(2010), 875-883

“The microstructure and mechanical properties of 
commercial, bronze-bond, diamond-abrasive tool 
materials”, Yuansun Wu and Paul D. Funkenbusch,
Journal of Materials Science, 45 (2010), 251-258

Figure 2

“Erosion and surface structure development of metal-diamond
particulate composites”, Brian E. MacMillin, Christopher D. 
Roll, and Paul Funkenbusch, Wear, 269 (2010), 875-883.

“Sensitivities of Medial Meniscal Motion and Deformation to 
Material Properties of Cartilage, Meniscus and Meniscal 
Attachments Using Design of Experiments Methods”, Jiang 
Yao, Paul D. Funkenbusch, Jason Snibbe, Mike Maloney, and 
Amy L. Lerner, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering128 
(2006), 399-408.

Practical Guide to Designed Experiments; a Unified Modular 
Approach, Paul D. Funkenbusch, published by Marcel Dekker, New York,

Biological Applications Oldies but Goodies

Figure 3

"In vitro comparison of the cutting efficiency and
temperature production of ten different rotary cutting
instruments. Part I: Turbine", Carlo Ercoli, Mario Rotella,
Paul D. Funkenbusch, Scott Russel, and Changyong
Feng, Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry101 (2009), 248-

"Effect of subgingival depth of implant placement on the
dimensional accuracy of the implant impression: an in vitro
study", Heeje Lee, Carlo Ercoli, Paul D. Funkenbusch, and
Changyong Feng, Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry99
(2008), 107-113.

"Sensitivities of Medial Meniscal Motion and Deformation
to Material Properties of Cartilage, Meniscus and Meniscal
Attachments Using Design of Experiments Methods", Jiang
Yao, Paul D. Funkenbusch, Jason Snibbe, Mike Maloney,
and Amy L. Lerner, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering,
128 (2006), 399-408. 

Figure 4

"On the Strength of Heavily Cold Worked in Situ Composites",
P.D. Funkenbusch and T.H. Courtney, Acta Metallurgica33
(1985), 913-922

"Solidification of YBa2Cu3O7-d from the Melt", A. Goyal, K.B.
Alexander, D.M. Kroeger, P.D. Funkenbusch, and S.J. Burns,
Physica C, 210 (1993), 1997-212

"Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) of Powder Mixtures and Composites:
Packing, Densification, and Microstructural Effects", E.K.H. Li and
P.D. Funkenbusch, Metallurgical Transactions A24A (1993), 1345

Design of experiments teaching module (3-days)

Introduction (read first)
Day 1 slides
Day 2 slides
Day 3 slides
Practice problems
Solutions to practice problems